The House Sparrow. (Passer domesticus). The male House Sparrow has a chestnut brown back with black streaks, while the underparts, rump and crown are grey. The nape is chestnut brown, the cheeks are dull white, and they have a black eye stripe and bib. They also have a light wing bar. The beak is a yellow-brown in winter, but black in the summer, and the legs are pale brown.
The female is paler and lacks the grey crown, white cheeks, black bib and eye stripe and chestnut brown nape, but has a straw coloured stripe behind the eye.
DID YOU KNOW :
The average lifespan of a house sparrow is 3 yrs in the wild. But the oldest known wild house sparrow lived for nearly two decades; it was found dead 19 years and 9 months after it was ringed in Denmark. The oldest recorded captive house sparrow lived for 23 years.
The size of the bib indicates the dominance of the male bird within its community; the bigger the bib, the more dominant the bird.
Most pairs will try and raise at least two and often three broods a year. Incubation takes just 11 days, and two weeks later the young will leave the nest.
The house sparrow is a small bird, it has a typical length of 16 cm (6.3 in) and a mass of 24–39.5 g (0.85–1.39 oz). With a wingspan of seven to ten inches.
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